This kind of radicalism also echoes a tendency to situate Gaza in terms of collective Jewish responsibility. In this case the signatories declare themselves in effect to be good Jews, unlike those bad Zionist Jews who murder children and who must no longer be “appeased”. They assure the world that it is OK to hate the bad Jews, for the bad Jews have failed to learn the lessons of the Holocaust. This moral dualism substitutes for political distinctions. It succumbs to the temptation to reduce politics to a broth of moral outrage (aimed at “Israel”) and innocent compassion (in this case with Hamas, whose only crime is said to be its refusal to become a “pawn in the hands of the occupation regime”).